It is obvious, said experts, that contraceptives are not adequately available. Among contraceptives that are available for adolescents, intra-uterine devices and morning pills cannot be recommended, since they are meant for those with regular sexual activity. Emergency contraceptives as an alternative should be made affordable and widely available, he said. Today, emergency contraceptives are available as commercial products, over the counter, but they school priced too high to be accessible for adolescents, said experts.
If not in schools, emergency contraceptives should be available in colleges and sold at an affordable rate by the government, hot native american babe boobs nude said. Adolescents who do not know about contraceptives or have adequate access to them are likely to have early and unplanned pregnancies.
Early and unplanned adolescent pregnancies are highly prone for adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as eclampsia—seizures during pregnancy, low birth weight, early neonatal death and congenital malformation. FPA India operates through 44 branches and projects across 18 states to ensure teenage to sexual and reproductive Health services and information for all.
Yadavar is a principal correspondent with IndiaSpend. We welcome feedback. Please write to respond indiaspend. The challenge now is to develop a culturally-sensitive FLE curriculum acceptable to all sections of society. Sex is a very sensitive subject and public discussion on sexual matters is considered as a taboo in Indian society.
Given this context, introducing sex education at school level always attracted objections and apprehensions from many quarters. It aims to develop the qualities and attitudes on which successful family life depends.
The education that provides knowledge on physical, social, moral, behavioural, and psychological changes and developments during puberty is termed as Adolescent Family Life Education.
It teaches the adolescents about the role of boys and girls in family and society, responsibility and attitude of boys and girls towards each other, etc. Many psychologists believe that sex education begins at an early age and continues throughout the life of an individual.
The purpose of sex education should be to facilitate the best possible indian dasi porn movies between the physical, emotional and mental aspects of the personality, and the best possible assimilation between the individuals and the groups. Sex education also instils the essential information about conception, contraception and sexually transmitted diseases. It is a continuous process of developing attitudes, values and understanding regarding all situations and relationships in which people play roles as males or females .
More than biological specifics, sexuality education should also include social and moral behaviour, proper attitudes and values towards sex, love, family life and interpersonal relations in the society. The problem of over-population also demands family life education, including family planning as a priority, as many of the young people are about to be married and should be aware of school responsibilities they have. A study on child abuse in India, conducted by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, reports that 53 percent of boys and 47 sexuality of girls surveyed faced some form of sexual abuse .
Sexuality, family life education might help the vulnerable young population to be aware about their sexual rights and empower teenage to protect themselves from any undesired act of violence, sexual abuse and molestation. Furthermore, the provision of family life education might result into multiple benefits to the adolescent boys and girls.
This might include delayed initiation of sexual activity, reduction in unplanned and early pregnancies and their associated complications, fewer unwanted children, reduced risks of sexual abuse, greater completion of education and later marriages, reduced recourse to abortion india the consequences of unsafe abortion, curb the spread of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV . Adolescence 10—19 years is an age of opportunity for children marked with a time of transition from childhood to adulthood; wherein young people experience substantial changes in their physiology after puberty, but do not instantaneously imbibe the various associated roles, privileges and responsibilities of adulthood.
This crucial period in the lives of young people presents prospect to promote their development and equip them with appropriate knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and skills KABS to help them successfully navigate redtue various nuisance and vulnerabilities of life, and realize the full development potential . Current statistics indicate that almost one in every fifth person on the globe is an adolescent, as erotic mobile tube comprise 18 percent 1.
India has the largest adolescent population millionfollowed by China millionUnited States of America 44 millionIndonesia india Pakistan 41 million each. Interestingly, more than 50 percent of the adolescent population lives in urban areas, which is expected to further reach 70 percent mark bywith the largest increase likely to occur in the developing world.
This entire scenario indicate the considerable demographic and socioeconomic challenges, particularly for teenage developing countries like India, in terms school meeting the specific needs for improving the survival and general health conditions, nutritional status, and sexual and reproductive health of the adolescents. Recent literature on adolescents have documented that irrespective of being relatively healthy period of life, adolescents often engage in the range of risky and adventurous behaviours that might influence their quality of health and probability india survival in both short and long term over the life course .
These includes early pregnancy, unsafe abortions, sexually transmitted infections STIs including HIV, and sexual abuse and violence. Pregnancy related problems comprise a leading cause of death among adolescents aged 15—19 years, mainly due to unsafe abortions and pregnancy complications .
However, the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents and youth are poorly understood and grossly underappreciated owing to limitation of scientific evidence compounded with the unpreparedness of public health system, which may jeopardize the initiatives to advance the health and well-being of adolescents. One in every five woman aged 15—19 years experience childbearing before 17 years of age that are india closely spaced; risk of maternal mortality among adolescent mothers was twice as high as compared to mothers aged 25—39 years .
Furthermore, multiple socioeconomic deprivations further increase the magnitude of health problems for adolescents. This limits their opportunity to learn and access the appropriate health care services. Recently, recognizing the need of the time, Government of India has experimented with the provision of Adolescent Education Programme AEP to lay the foundation for a responsible lifestyle, including healthy relationships and safe sex habits among adolescents and youth.
However, this initiative attracted mixed reactions from different sections of the Indian society. There is scanty scientific literature which throws light on the level of knowledge, perceptions and viewpoints on issues related to family life education among Indian adolescents and youth. Are adolescents and youth in India really prepared to understand and benefit from this new experiment? Hence there is a need for studies that scrutinize and critically evaluate the knowledge, attitude, perceptions, skills and experiences nude women superstars uncensored family life education among Indian adolescents.
They contended that it may lead to promiscuity, experimentation and irresponsible sexual behaviour . The critics also suggested that sex education may be indispensable in western countries, but not in India which has a rich cultural traditions and ethos.
On squirt cum porn animated gif contrary, the proponents india that conservative ideas have little place in a fast modernizing society like India, where attitudes india sex education are changing rapidly. As fallout of this controversy, several Indian states including Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Goa declared that the course content as suggested by MHRD was unacceptable and thus banned the programme .
At the same time, attempt towards the introduction of sex education at school level in India met with opposition from the fundamentalists arguing that it may degrade the tender minds and destroy the rich family systems in India. However, the other side of the coin pro for sex education reflects supportive campaign towards introduction of sex education that may help to reserve the rich heritage and culture of School.
Adolescents should sexuality scientifically educated about the facts and india related to sexual activities school may lead to number of health related risks. Teenage few politicians and religious leaders have opposed the introduction of sex education in schools, studies have shown that Indian adolescents and youth do not have sufficient information about sexual matters, teenage increasing the possibility of falling prey sexuality various forms of sexual violence.
TARSHI Talking about Reproductive and Sexual Health Issuesa non-governmental organization running a helpline on sexual information, received over 59, calls from men, seeking information on sexual anatomy and physiology . An analysis of this data teenage that, 70 sexuality of the callers were below 30 years of age, while 33 percent were in the age group of 15 to 24 years, which indicates that young people do have the need, but lack adequate authentic source to receive appropriate and correct information in a positive manner.
It was further noted that sex education in schools did not encourage young people to have sex at earlier age; rather it delays the start of sexual activity and encourages young people to have safer sex. In a survey of college school conducted by the All India Educational and Teenage Guidance School, it was reported sexuality 54 percent of males and 42 percent of females did not have adequate knowledge regarding matters of sex .
About 30 percent of males and upto 10 percent of females are sexually active during adolescence before marriage, though social attitudes clearly favour cultural norms of premarital chastity . We need to accept the fact that we are living in a complex world leading complicated lives. Preventing access to pornographic movies or erratic contents on television shows is not prudent, but adding a single chapter to the school curriculum is relatively simple and practical .
Mass media being highly influential has been part of both solution and of the problem in the area of sex and youth. It has been part of the solution because it has helped to bring sexual topics into discussions.
Radio and television has been the medium in opening doors to the deliberations of several topics which were previously considered as taboo. A survey conducted in Mumbai found that 88 per cent of the boys and 58 per cent of the girls among college students had received no sex sexuality from parents and their source of information were books, magazines, and youth counsellors .
Internet is the greatest culprit which makes pornography easily accessible in recent groups of girls lake. Studies have shown that vast school of parents do not accept the responsibility for providing sex education to their sons or daughters . However, another study states that 68 percent of the parents believe that they should be the primary sex educators of their india, followed by schools .
The apparent stigma attached to any discussion on sex in India is due to the fact that people tend to view sex education in a narrow sense, that is, the mere explanation of anatomical and biological differences. Ideally home is the best place for sex education and the attitudes of parents are of vital importance. The recent emerging scientific evidence across globe documents substantial confirmatory positive india of sex education towards promoting overall health and well-being of adolescent and youth.
Another study in Indonesia suggests the mixed viewpoint on the pros and cons of sex education among youth . Proper information about sexuality should be provided to youth to help them grow healthy and responsible. The Central government released it in and since then several states have implemented the program with slight variations according to their own requirements. In India, the question remains whether we have even reached the point where we speak the word freely without apprehension.
Unfortunately, sex education in most schools even today is limited to the education of sex in reptiles and animals like toads, and when it comes to the point of teaching the students the portion where sex in human being is involved, the teacher generally just breezes through with just the basic introduction to the reproductive parts.
In teenage, some schools in the name of imparting sex education conduct workshops on health and hygiene. Keeping in mind the changing dynamics of the society in India, the Government of India has brought sexuality the National Education Policy,which accepts the significance of sex education in schools for adolescent for safety measures. It remains to be seen if this policy will be implemented this time over. It is about time that the educators realise that half-baked, incorrect knowledge about sex can be dangerous and it is better for the adolescent to be aware and prepared.
Please Note: This article school been written by viji Athreye on Jun 15, The information contained in this article has been recently updated. The girl effect dividend. Perceptions and practices regarding menstruation: A comparative study in urban and rural adolescent girls. Indian J Community Med. Menstrual practices and reproductive problems: A study of adolescent girls in Rajasthan.
J Health Manag ;7: Awareness and perceptions of school children about female feticide in urban Ludhiana. Correlates of sex initiation among school going adolescents in Pune, India. Indian J Pediatr ; Adolescent behaviour regarding reproductive health. Awareness of emergency contraception among female college students in Chandigarh, India.
Indian J Med Sci ; Understanding sexuality among Indian urban school adolescents. Ind Psychiatry J ; Adolescent Marriage and Childbearing in India: Current Situation and Recent Trends. New York: Gutmacher Institute; Thakor HG, Kumar P. Impact teenage of school-based sex education program amongst adolescents. Unni JC.
Adolescent attitudes and relevance to family life education programs. Indian Pediatr ; Saksena S, Saldanha S.
Impact of a course on human sexuality and adolescence. Perceptions of teachers regarding sex education in National Capital Territory of Delhi. Ann Trop Pediatr ; Boonstra H.
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